Smartphone Batteries – Nickel batteries vs. Lithium batteries

Today, batteries are used almost exclusively for the use of mobile phones. These offer the advantage over traditional batteries that they can be recharged, thus saving a corresponding number of primary cells. However, the consultation hours specified by the manufacturer can be considerably shortened if the electricity is not used carefully.

Modern smartphones run on rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. These can then be presented in different versions, for example as lithium-ion, lithium-polymer and also hybrid lithium-ion-polymer batteries. In old mobile phones, on the other hand, batteries made of nickel and cadmium compounds were used. The basic functionality of lithium-based batteries resembles that of the nickel-cadmium version: The energy is generated by exchanging the electrons between the electrodes of the participating elements. The electrolyte involved in the modern smartphone batteries consists of a lithium salt, while the nickel version uses potassium hydroxide solution.

Nickel-cadmium batteries have also been known to be associated with the so-called memory effect; this phenomenon is referred to as the phenomenon of not discharging the battery completely each time it is charged and losing capacity. Nickel-metal hydride batteries were used

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